When Khomeini made his triumphant return to Iran in 1979, the population of the country was 36 million, according to an op-ed in the Eurasia Review. In the 42 years that have followed, Iran’s population has grown to more than 85 million. At that time, in 1979, due to incompetence and corruption of the monarchy, there were no reliable statistics on poverty in Iran, but according to a research article by Javad Salehi Esfahani, an Iranian economist at Virginia Tech University, titled “Revolution and Wealth Distribution in Iran” which had been published on the World Bank website: In 1977, two years before the revolution, 48% of Iranians were living in poor rural areas, and 28% of the city dwellers also lived below the poverty line. In other words, about one-third of Iranians lived below the poverty line. Forty-some years after the revolution, according to Shahab Naderi, a member of the Economic Commission of the Iranian Parliament, 80% of Iran’s population lives below the poverty line. In 1979, the Iranian per capita GDP was $10,000, while in 2019, the per capita GDP was less than $7,000. But on Nov. 2, 2019, at the inauguration of a development project to mark the 40th anniversary of the revolution, Mohammad Ali Jafari, ex-commander of the Revolutionary Guard Corps, declared this: “Before the revolution, 46% of the population lived below the poverty line.” He adds: “in 2016, only about 10% of the people live below the poverty line.” He then concludes that “such a huge drop is the direct result of the Islamic revolution and a pride for the country.” What it shows is that the regime in Tehran is a master at demagoguery and deception, according to the op-ed. Read more.